Вправа № 6

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research tourism – дослідницький туризм picturesque – мальовничий mammals – ссавці extinct species – вимерлі види evidence – докази gravity – тяжіння to consider – розглядати various – різноманітний to attend – відвідувати

1. Some people think that research tourism is connected with conferences of scientists who meet to discuss developments in their field and enjoy spending time in a comfortable place in picturesque surroundings. Other people connect research tourism with expeditions to certain parts of the world to study nature: the living things or plants. These may be birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, flowers, or trees. The aim is to identify almost extinct species or relics of old periods. Research tourists want to find out what the rare species look like, where they live and how they behave.

2. Other research tourists are interested in finding evidence of earth’s changes caused by water, wind, weather, plants, animals and gravity. They study how people change the face of the earth, the climate, the atmosphere and then use the data for weather forecasts, e.g. about warming of the atmosphere, changes in climate etc.

3. In this case polar and Antarctic expeditions can be considered as a sort of research tourism. Researchers also travel to various areas to better observe sun or moon eclipses, to observe meteors, meteors showers or to examine a fallen meteorite area, or the crater of a volcano.

4. To do research working in the world of water people tour oceans, seas, lakes and rivers on a ferry, barge, commercial vessels, fishing boats, dive boats. Voyages are made by oceanographers, hydrologists, immunologists (who study fresh water in ponds and lakes), biologists (who study the water inhabitants).

5. Ethnographers tour countries and national areas to study the culture, art, crafts, traditions and customs of the ethnic groups living there. They try to attend national religious ceremonies, see their national clothes, taste their national food and drinks. Other ethnologists tour areas to collect old object of folk art as well as folk tales, poems and songs. Research tourism is a term close to exploration tourism and research tourists may be called explorers.